Tearing Iraq Apart

20 Mar

Iraq-Sectarian-violenceIraqis are not grateful to the United States for the 2003 invasion.

RAED JARRAR: Correct. I mean, I mentioned previously how I’m half-Sunni and half-Shiite. Many Iraqis jokingly now refer to people like myself as “Sushis.” And, you know, like, it’s like it’s getting—our community is getting smaller and smaller, because there are less mixed marriages. Before 2003, I did not know who from my friends were Sunnis or Shiites, and we’ve never expressed any concerns, we’ve never heard any stories about this person being a Sunni or a Shiite—and not only from a personal experience. The example that I always give is the 55 deck of cards that was printed by the Pentagon and CIA when they went after the top 55 leaders in Iraq. Thirty-six out of those 55 were Shiites. It’s almost the same representation publicly. I mean, not to say that the former Iraqi government was all-inclusive and everyone was happy, but it was a dictatorship that was secular. So people’s ethnic and sectarian affiliations were not really a part of that oppression. If you supported the government, you were—you had a good life. And if you opposed it, regardless of your sectarian affiliation, you were destroyed, and your entire family was destroyed.

Unfortunately, these things changed completely now. They changed because of two reasons. The first one is the complete destruction of the Iraqi national identity. There is no—there is no civic identity in Iraq anymore. So people went—they regressed. They went to the other level that they can identify with, and that, unfortunately, was the sectarian affiliation. The second reason is that this is actually the system that was introduced by the United States in 2003. The Governing Council that was created by the U.S. in 2003 marks the first occasion where Iraqis were chosen to run the country based on their sectarian and ethnic affiliations in Iraq’s contemporary history. It never happened before the U.S. came.

Contrast this with the mainstream line, that the United States only “triggered” sectarianism.

Strictly speaking, the future of Iraq is not going to be shaped by people with a vision to unite the country. Sectarian differences are too deep for any Shia, Sunni or Kurd to overcome. Each will try to pull the country in the direction best serving their interests at the expense of the others.

Ultimately, Iraq’s sectarian splits were only triggered again a decade ago when the Americans arrived, not created. Unless the groups find a common cause Iraq will remain a broken nation.

Jarrar, an Iraqi-Palestinian, also is trained as an architect from a secular family. Still, this spin – “trigger” or “introduce” – is important to consider.

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